|Dutch name: Noordbrabant a province of the S Netherlands: formed part of the medieval duchy of Brabant. Capital: 's Hertogenbosch. Pop: 2 400 000 (2003 est). Area: 4965 sq km (1917 sq miles)|
provincie (province), second largest of The Netherlands, extending northward from the Belgium border, between the provinces of Zeeland (west) and Limburg (east), to the Maas (Meuse) and Merwede rivers. It is drained by the Mark (Merk) and Dommel rivers and the Zuidwillemsvaart and Wilhelmina canals. Its capital is 's Hertogenbosch. Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Age remains attest to early occupation of the area; there were ancient Roman camps along the Maas. After the Middle Ages, the division between east and west (discernible in two different Iron Age groups) was continued in political divisions: the barony of Breda to the west and the Meierij van 's Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc) to the east, both subject to the duchy of Brabant. The affinities of the west still lie with Belgium and France, and those of the east with the Rhineland. Nearly all the inhabitants are Roman Catholic
Learn more about North Brabant with a free trial on Britannica.com.