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13 Essential Literary Terms

nucleotide

[noo-klee-uh-tahyd, nyoo-] /ˈnu kli əˌtaɪd, ˈnyu-/
noun, Biochemistry
1.
any of a group of molecules that, when linked together, form the building blocks of DNA or RNA: composed of a phosphate group, the bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, and a pentose sugar, in RNA the thymine base being replaced by uracil.
Origin
1905-1910
1905-10; alteration of nucleoside
Related forms
internucleotide, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for nucleotide
  • The hardest part was finding the right reference number for the nucleotide sequence.
  • Translation is controlled by various enzymes that recognize specific nucleotide sequences.
  • Novelty at the nucleotide level comes from mutations.
  • Many nucleotide differences are neutral-both the mutation and the normal gene cause the same protein to be made.
  • Each restriction enzyme recognizes its own specific sequence of four to eight nucleotide bases--the building blocks of genes.
  • After all, the clustering of single nucleotide polymorphisms has been observed before, but its cause remains unknown.
British Dictionary definitions for nucleotide

nucleotide

/ˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd/
noun
1.
(biochem) a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to phosphoric acid. Nucleic acids are made up of long chains (polynucleotides) of such compounds
Word Origin
C20: from nucleo- + t (added for ease of pronunciation) + -ide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for nucleotide
n.

1908, from German nucleotid (1908), from nucleo-, modern comb. form of Latin nucleus (see nucleus) + -ide, with -t- for the sake of euphony.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nucleotide in Medicine

nucleotide nu·cle·o·tide (nōō'klē-ə-tīd', nyōō'-)
n.
Any of various compounds consisting of a nucleoside combined with a phosphate group and forming the basic constituent of DNA and RNA.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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nucleotide in Science
nucleotide
  (n'klē-ə-tīd')   
Any of a group of organic compounds composed of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides are the basic building blocks of nucleic acids.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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