nudge

1 [nuhj]
verb (used with object), nudged, nudging.
1.
to push slightly or gently, especially with the elbow, to get someone's attention, prod someone into action, etc.
verb (used without object), nudged, nudging.
2.
to give a nudge.
noun
3.
a slight or gentle push or jog, especially with the elbow.

Origin:
1665–75; variant of dial. (k)nidge, akin to Old English cnucian, cnocian to knock

nudger, noun


1. elbow, poke, jog.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

nudge

2 [nooj]
verb (used with object), nudged, nudging.
1.
to annoy with persistent complaints, criticisms, or pleas; nag: He was always nudging his son to move to a better neighborhood.
verb (used without object), nudged, nudging.
2.
to nag, whine, or carp.
noun
3.
a person who nudges; pest.
Also, noodge, nudzh.


Origin:
1875–80; < Yiddish, stem of nudyen to bore < Polish nudzić; cf. nudnik

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
nudge (nʌdʒ)
 
vb
1.  to push or poke (someone) gently, esp with the elbow, to get attention; jog
2.  to push slowly or lightly: as I drove out, I just nudged the gatepost
3.  to give (someone) a gentle reminder or encouragement
 
n
4.  a gentle poke or push
5.  a gentle reminder
 
[C17: perhaps from Scandinavian; compare Icelandic nugga to push]
 
'nudger
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nudge
"to push slightly with the elbow," 1675, perhaps from Scand. (cf. Norw. nugge, nyggje "to jostle, rub;" Icelandic nugga "to rub, massage"). The noun is attested from 1836.

nudge
"complainer, nagger," 1960s, from Yiddish, from Slavic words meaning "fret, ache," realted to the root of nudnik (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang Dictionary

nudge definition

[nʊdʒ]
and noodge
  1. n.
    someone who nags. : Sally can be such a nudge!
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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Example sentences
The team then nudged their pancake with a small electric field.
In one of the clocks, the team nudged the normally stationary aluminum atom so
  that it gyrated back and forth as it vibrated.
They planted their seeds in lines that wriggled across the field, nudged here
  and there by whims of conversation.
But it must often be nudged along by cleverly crafted government incentives.
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