nutrient

[noo-tree-uhnt, nyoo-]
adjective
1.
nourishing; providing nourishment or nutriment.
2.
containing or conveying nutriment, as solutions or vessels of the body.
noun
3.
a nutrient substance.

Origin:
1640–50; < Latin nūtrient- (stem of nūtriēns), present participle of nūtrīre to feed, nourish; see -ent

nonnutrient, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
nutrient (ˈnjuːtrɪənt)
 
n
1.  any of the mineral substances that are absorbed by the roots of plants for nourishment
2.  any substance that nourishes an organism
 
adj
3.  providing or contributing to nourishment: a nutrient solution
 
[C17: from Latin nūtrīre to nourish]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nutrient
1650 (adj.), "providing nourishment," from L. nutrientem (nom. nutriens), prp. of nutrire "nourish" (see nourish). The noun meaning "a nutritious substance" is first attested 1828, from the adj.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nutrient nu·tri·ent (nōō'trē-ənt, nyōō'-)
n.
A source of nourishment, especially an ingredient in a food.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nutrient   (n'trē-ənt)  Pronunciation Key 
A substance that provides nourishment for growth or metabolism. Plants absorb nutrients mainly from the soil in the form of minerals and other inorganic compounds, and animals obtain nutrients from ingested foods.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Spinach brings a variety of nutrients to this appealing frittata.
The researchers expect less excess nutrients in the runoff as the plants on the
  roof continue to grow.
And plant breeders tend to raise cereals which maximise calories, not nutrients.
They may be unhealthy and lacking in vital nutrients.
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