o. stern

Stern

[sturn]
noun
1.
Isaac, 1920–2001, U.S. violinist, born in Russia.
2.
Otto, 1888–1969, U.S. physicist, born in Germany: Nobel prize 1943.
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stern1 (stɜːn)
 
adj
1.  showing uncompromising or inflexible resolve; firm, strict, or authoritarian
2.  lacking leniency or clemency; harsh or severe
3.  relentless; unyielding: the stern demands of parenthood
4.  having an austere or forbidding appearance or nature
 
[Old English styrne; related to Old High German stornēn to alarm, Latin sternāx stubborn, Greek stereos hard]
 
'sternly1
 
adv
 
'sternness1
 
n

stern2 (stɜːn)
 
n
1.  the rear or after part of a vessel, opposite the bow or stem
2.  the rear part of any object
3.  the tail of certain breeds of dog, such as the foxhound or beagle
 
adj
4.  relating to or located at the stern
 
[C13: from Old Norse stjōrn steering; see steer1]

Stern (stɜːn)
 
n
Isaac. 1920--2001, US concert violinist, born in (what is now) Ukraine

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stern
O.E. styrne "severe, strict," from P.Gmc. *sternijaz (cf. M.H.G. sterre, Ger. starr "stiff," störrig "obstinate;" Goth. andstaurran "to be stiff;" O.N. stara; O.E. starian "to look or gaze upon"), from PIE base *ster-, *star- "be rigid" (see sterile).

stern
c.1300, "hind part of a ship, steering gear of a ship," probably from O.N. stjorn "a steering," related to styra "to guide" (see steer (v.)). Or the word may come from O.Fris. stiarne "rudder," which is also related to steer (v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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