a person's usual or principal work or business, especially as a means of earning a living; vocation: Her occupation was dentistry.
any activity in which a person is engaged.
possession, settlement, or use of land or property.
the act of occupying.
the state of being occupied.
the seizure and control of an area by military forces, especially foreign territory.
the term of control of a territory by foreign military forces: Danish resistance during the German occupation.
tenure or the holding of an office or official function: during his occupation of the vice presidency.

1250–1300; Middle English occupacioun < Middle French occupation < Latin occupātiōn- (stem of occupātiō), equivalent to occupāt(us) (past participle of occupāre; see occupy) + -iōn- -ion

occupationless, adjective
occupative, adjective
nonoccupation, noun
reoccupation, noun
self-occupation, noun

1. employment, pursuit, craft, métier. Occupation, business, profession, trade refer to the activity to which one regularly devotes oneself, especially one's regular work, or means of getting a living. Occupation is the general word: a pleasant or congenial occupation. Business especially suggests a commercial or mercantile occupation: the printing business. Profession implies an occupation requiring special knowledge and training in some field of science or learning: the profession of teaching. Trade suggests an occupation involving manual training and skill: one of the building trades. 3. occupancy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
occupation (ˌɒkjʊˈpeɪʃən)
1.  a person's regular work or profession; job or principal activity
2.  any activity on which time is spent by a person
3.  the act of occupying or the state of being occupied
4.  the control of a country by a foreign military power
5.  the period of time that a nation, place, or position is occupied
6.  (modifier) for the use of the occupier of a particular property: occupation road; occupation bridge

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "a being employed in something," also "a particular action," from O.Fr. occupacion (12c.), from L. occupationem (nom. occupatio) "a taking possession, business, employment," from occupatus, pp. of from occupare (see occupy). Meaning "trade" is from 1520s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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