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octave

[ok-tiv, -teyv] /ˈɒk tɪv, -teɪv/
noun
1.
Music.
  1. a tone on the eighth degree from a given tone.
  2. the interval encompassed by such tones.
  3. the harmonic combination of such tones.
  4. a series of tones, or of keys of an instrument, extending through this interval.
2.
a pipe-organ stop whose pipes give tones an octave above the normal pitch of the keys used.
3.
a series or group of eight.
4.
Also called octet. Prosody.
  1. a group of eight lines of verse, especially the first eight lines of a sonnet in the Italian form.
    Compare sestet (def 1).
  2. a stanza of eight lines.
5.
the eighth of a series.
6.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. the eighth day from a feast day, counting the feast day as the first.
  2. the period of eight days beginning with a feast day.
7.
one eighth of a pipe of wine.
8.
Fencing. the eighth of eight defensive positions.
adjective
9.
pitched an octave higher.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Latin octāva eighth part, noun use of feminine of octāvus, equivalent to oct- oct- + -āvus adj. suffix
Related forms
octaval
[ok-tey-vuh l, ok-tuh-] /ɒkˈteɪ vəl, ˈɒk tə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for octaves
  • The whistles are tuned to a chromatic scale and generally have a range of two octaves.
  • Well, often times, jazz music covers a lot of octaves.
  • Don't think for a second that number of octaves count.
  • His voice, normally slow and thoughtful, has jumped two octaves.
  • It is fairly uncommon for an untrained singer to have a vocal range of two octaves.
  • So that the tamarins could hear the compositions on their own terms, he sped them up three octaves.
  • From sultry low notes to an airborne, carefree soprano, she regularly swooped through a range of more than two octaves.
  • Neither of these seemed to fit in the neat octaves of the earlier periods.
  • Its overtone series follows all of the integer multiples, which includes the octaves.
  • For example, a piano keyboard has a range of over seven octaves from the lowest frequency to the highest frequency note.
British Dictionary definitions for octaves

octave

/ˈɒktɪv/
noun
1.
  1. the interval between two musical notes one of which has twice the pitch of the other and lies eight notes away from it counting inclusively along the diatonic scale
  2. one of these two notes, esp the one of higher pitch
  3. (as modifier): an octave leap See also perfect (sense 9), diminished (sense 2), interval (sense 5)
2.
(prosody) a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
3.
(ˈɒkteɪv)
  1. a feast day and the seven days following
  2. the final day of this period
4.
the eighth of eight basic positions in fencing
5.
any set or series of eight
adjective
6.
consisting of eight parts
Word Origin
C14: (originally: eighth day) via Old French from Medieval Latin octāva diēs eighth day (after a festival), from Latin octo eight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for octaves

octave

n.

c.1300, utaves (plural, via Anglo-French from popular Old French form oitieve, otaves), reformed in early 15c., from Medieval Latin octava, from Latin octava dies "eighth day," fem. of octavus "eighth," from octo (see eight). Originally "period of eight days after a festival," also "eighth day after a festival" (counting both days, by inclusive reckoning, thus if the festival was on a Sunday, the octaves would be the following Sunday). Verse sense of "stanza of eight lines" is from 1580s; musical sense of "note eight diatonic degrees above (or below) a given note" is first recorded 1650s, from Latin octava (pars) "eighth part." Formerly English eighth was used in this sense (mid-15c.)

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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octaves in Culture
octave [(ok-tiv)]

An interval between musical notes in which the higher note is six whole tones, or twelve half tones, above the lower. From the standpoint of physics, the higher note has twice the frequency of the lower. Notes that are an octave apart, or a whole number of octaves apart, sound in some ways like the same note and have the same letter for their names.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for octaves

octave

in music, an interval whose higher note has a sound-wave frequency of vibration twice that of its lower note. Thus the international standard pitch A above middle C vibrates at 440 hertz (cycles per second); the octave above this A vibrates at 880 hertz, while the octave below it vibrates at 220 hertz.

Learn more about octave with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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14
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