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offend

[uh-fend] /əˈfɛnd/
verb (used with object)
1.
to irritate, annoy, or anger; cause resentful displeasure in:
Even the hint of prejudice offends me.
2.
to affect (the sense, taste, etc.) disagreeably.
3.
to violate or transgress (a criminal, religious, or moral law).
4.
to hurt or cause pain to.
5.
(in Biblical use) to cause to fall into sinful ways.
verb (used without object)
6.
to cause resentful displeasure; irritate, annoy, or anger:
a remark so thoughtless it can only offend.
7.
to err in conduct; commit a sin, crime, or fault.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English offenden < Middle French offendre < Latin offendere to strike against, displease, equivalent to of- of- + -fendere to strike
Related forms
offendable, adjective
offendedly, adverb
offendedness, noun
offender, noun
half-offended, adjective
nonoffender, noun
overoffend, verb (used with object)
preoffend, verb (used with object)
reoffend, verb
unoffendable, adjective
unoffended, adjective
unoffending, adjective
Synonyms
1. provoke, chafe, nettle, affront, insult. 7. transgress.
Antonyms
1. please.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for offender
  • If the crime reaches a level of blatant disregard for human life, the offender should be disposed of expeditiously.
  • But there is a law on paper to prosecute the offender.
  • Allows the offender to continue education and/or employment.
  • For example, the police can keep property seized from a drugs offender, which may be giving the wrong incentives.
  • She shows visitors one alleged offender, a new lakeside resort complex.
  • But being in the fault, she has the misfortune of greatness to be held as the chief offender.
  • Neither the offender nor the offended are any more themselves.
  • All these measures then generate a map of places the offender is likely to live, which is overlaid on a map of a search area.
  • The average punishment, under federal law, for a marijuana offender that same year was about fifty months in prison.
  • The cell-phone offender scooted into the hall as the chatter in the room grew louder.
British Dictionary definitions for offender

offend

/əˈfɛnd/
verb
1.
to hurt the feelings, sense of dignity, etc, of (a person)
2.
(transitive) to be disagreeable to; disgust: the smell offended him
3.
(intransitive except in archaic uses) to break (a law or laws in general)
Derived Forms
offender, noun
offending, adjective
Word Origin
C14: via Old French offendre to strike against, from Latin offendere, from ob- against + fendere to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for offender
n.

mid-15c., agent noun from offend (v.). Earlier was offendour (early 15c.), from Anglo-French.

offend

v.

early 14c., "to sin against (someone)," from Old French ofendre "transgress, antagonize," and directly from Latin offendere "to hit, strike against," figuratively "to stumble, commit a fault, displease, trespass against, provoke," from ob "against" (see ob-) + -fendere "to strike" (found only in compounds; see defend).

Meaning "to violate (a law), to make a moral false step, to commit a crime" is from late 14c. Meaning "to wound the feelings" is from late 14c. The literal sense of "to attack, assail" is attested from late 14c.; this has been lost in Modern English, but is preserved in offense and offensive. Related: Offended; offending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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