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offend

[uh-fend] /əˈfɛnd/
verb (used with object)
1.
to irritate, annoy, or anger; cause resentful displeasure in:
Even the hint of prejudice offends me.
2.
to affect (the sense, taste, etc.) disagreeably.
3.
to violate or transgress (a criminal, religious, or moral law).
4.
to hurt or cause pain to.
5.
(in Biblical use) to cause to fall into sinful ways.
verb (used without object)
6.
to cause resentful displeasure; irritate, annoy, or anger:
a remark so thoughtless it can only offend.
7.
to err in conduct; commit a sin, crime, or fault.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English offenden < Middle French offendre < Latin offendere to strike against, displease, equivalent to of- of- + -fendere to strike
Related forms
offendable, adjective
offendedly, adverb
offendedness, noun
offender, noun
half-offended, adjective
nonoffender, noun
overoffend, verb (used with object)
preoffend, verb (used with object)
reoffend, verb
unoffendable, adjective
unoffended, adjective
unoffending, adjective
Synonyms
1. provoke, chafe, nettle, affront, insult. 7. transgress.
Antonyms
1. please.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for offenders
  • offenders were sent home if they were not dressed according to the rules.
British Dictionary definitions for offenders

offend

/əˈfɛnd/
verb
1.
to hurt the feelings, sense of dignity, etc, of (a person)
2.
(transitive) to be disagreeable to; disgust the smell offended him
3.
(intransitive except in archaic uses) to break (a law or laws in general)
Derived Forms
offender, noun
offending, adjective
Word Origin
C14: via Old French offendre to strike against, from Latin offendere, from ob- against + fendere to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for offenders

offend

v.

early 14c., "to sin against (someone)," from Old French ofendre "transgress, antagonize," and directly from Latin offendere "to hit, strike against," figuratively "to stumble, commit a fault, displease, trespass against, provoke," from ob "against" (see ob-) + -fendere "to strike" (found only in compounds; see defend).

Meaning "to violate (a law), to make a moral false step, to commit a crime" is from late 14c. Meaning "to wound the feelings" is from late 14c. The literal sense of "to attack, assail" is attested from late 14c.; this has been lost in Modern English, but is preserved in offense and offensive. Related: Offended; offending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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16
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