[oil-klawth, -kloth]
noun, plural oilcloths [oil-klawthz, -klothz, -klawths, -kloths] , for 2.
a cotton fabric made waterproof by being treated with oil and pigment, for use as tablecloths, shelf coverings, and the like.
a piece of this fabric.

1690–1700; oil + cloth

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World English Dictionary
oilcloth (ˈɔɪlˌklɒθ)
1.  waterproof material made by treating one side of a cotton fabric with a drying oil, or a synthetic resin
2.  another name for linoleum

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1697, "cotton or a similar fabric waterproofed with oil," from oil + cloth. In ref. to an oil-treated canvas used as a cheap floor covering, 1796.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We had on oilcloth suits and south-wester caps, and had nothing to do but to
  stand bolt upright and let it pour down upon us.
She put her hands together and placed them in the middle of the green oilcloth.
For good, simple food served on oilcloth rather than fine linen, head for this
In the center of the room stood a large table covered with oilcloth.
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