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edge

[ej] /ɛdʒ/
noun
1.
a line or border at which a surface terminates:
Grass grew along the edges of the road. The paper had deckle edges.
2.
a brink or verge:
the edge of a cliff; the edge of disaster.
3.
any of the narrow surfaces of a thin, flat object:
a book with gilt edges.
4.
a line at which two surfaces of a solid object meet:
an edge of a box.
5.
the thin, sharp side of the blade of a cutting instrument or weapon.
6.
the sharpness proper to a blade:
The knife has lost its edge.
7.
sharpness or keenness of language, argument, tone of voice, appetite, desire, etc.:
The snack took the edge off his hunger. Her voice had an edge to it.
8.
British Dialect. a hill or cliff.
9.
an improved position; advantage:
He gained the edge on his opponent.
10.
Cards.
  1. advantage, especially the advantage gained by being the age or eldest hand.
  2. eldest hand.
11.
Ice Skating. one of the two edges of a skate blade where the sides meet the bottom surface, made sharp by carving a groove on the bottom.
12.
Skiing. one of the two edges on the bottom of a ski that is angled into a slope when making a turn.
verb (used with object), edged, edging.
13.
to put an edge on; sharpen.
14.
to provide with an edge or border:
to edge a terrace with shrubbery; to edge a skirt with lace.
15.
to make or force (one's way) gradually by moving sideways.
16.
Metalworking.
  1. to turn (a piece to be rolled) onto its edge.
  2. to roll (a piece set on edge).
  3. to give (a piece) a desired width by passing between vertical rolls.
  4. to rough (a piece being forged) so that the bulk is properly distributed for final forging.
verb (used without object), edged, edging.
17.
to move sideways:
to edge through a crowd.
18.
to advance gradually or cautiously:
a car edging up to a curb.
Verb phrases
19.
edge in, to insert or work in or into, especially in a limited period of time:
Can you edge in your suggestion before they close the discussion?
20.
edge out, to defeat (rivals or opponents) by a small margin:
The home team edged out the visitors in an exciting finish.
Idioms
21.
have an edge on, Informal. to be mildly intoxicated with alcoholic liquor:
He had a pleasant edge on from the sherry.
22.
on edge,
  1. (of a person or a person's nerves) acutely sensitive; nervous; tense.
  2. impatient; eager:
    The contestants were on edge to learn the results.
23.
set one's teeth on edge. tooth (def 21).
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English egge, Old English ecg; cognate with German Ecke corner; akin to Latin aciēs, Greek akís point
Related forms
edgeless, adjective
outedge, verb (used with object), outedged, outedging.
underedge, noun
unedge, verb (used with object), unedged, unedging.
Synonyms
1. rim, lip. Edge, border, margin refer to a boundary. An edge is the boundary line of a surface or plane: the edge of a table. Border is the boundary of a surface or the strip adjacent to it, inside or out: a border of lace. Margin is a limited strip, generally unoccupied, at the extremity of an area: the margin of a page.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for on edge

edge

/ɛdʒ/
noun
1.
the border, brim, or margin of a surface, object, etc
2.
a brink or verge: the edge of a cliff, the edge of a breakthrough
3.
(maths)
  1. a line along which two faces or surfaces of a solid meet
  2. a line joining two vertices of a graph
4.
the sharp cutting side of a blade
5.
keenness, sharpness, or urgency: the walk gave an edge to his appetite
6.
force, effectiveness, or incisiveness: the performance lacked edge
7.
(dialect)
  1. a cliff, ridge, or hillside
  2. (capital) (in place names): Hade Edge
8.
have the edge on, have the edge over, to have a slight advantage or superiority (over)
9.
on edge
  1. nervously irritable; tense
  2. nervously excited or eager
10.
set someone's teeth on edge, to make someone acutely irritated or uncomfortable
verb
11.
(transitive) to provide an edge or border for
12.
(transitive) to shape or trim (the edge or border of something), as with a knife or scissors: to edge a pie
13.
to push (one's way, someone, something, etc) gradually, esp edgeways
14.
(transitive) (cricket) to hit (a bowled ball) with the edge of the bat
15.
(transitive) to tilt (a ski) sideways so that one edge digs into the snow
16.
(transitive) to sharpen (a knife, etc)
Derived Forms
edgeless, adjective
edger, noun
Word Origin
Old English ecg; related to Old Norse egg, Old High German ecka edge, Latin aciēs sharpness, Greek akis point
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for on edge

edge

n.

Old English ecg "corner, edge, point," also "sword" (cf. ecgplega, literally "edge play," ecghete, literally "edge hate," both used poetically for "battle"), from Proto-Germanic *agjo (cf. Old Frisian egg "edge;" Old Saxon eggia "point, edge;" Middle Dutch egghe, Dutch eg; Old Norse egg, see egg (v.); Old High German ecka, German Eck "corner"), from PIE root *ak- "sharp, pointed" (cf. Sanskrit asrih "edge," Latin acies, Greek akis "point;" see acrid).

Spelling development of Old English -cg to Middle English -gg to Modern English -dge represents a widespread shift in pronunciation. To get the edge on (someone) is U.S. colloquial, first recorded 1911. Edge city is from Joel Garreau's 1992 book of that name. Razor's edge as a perilous narrow path translates Greek epi xyrou akmes. To have (one's) teeth on edge is from late 14c., though "It is not quite clear what is the precise notion originally expressed in this phrase" [OED].

v.

late 13c., "to give an edge to" (implied in past participle egged), from edge (n.). Meaning "to move edgeways (with the edge toward the spectator), advance slowly" is from 1620s, originally nautical. Meaning "to defeat by a narrow margin" is from 1953. The meaning "urge on, incite" (16c.) often must be a mistake for egg (v.). Related: Edged; edging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for on edge

on edge

Related Terms

edgy


edge

noun
  1. An advantage: soaking up that famous New York ''edge'' (1896+)
  2. An irritated or sarcastic tone; sharp timbre: She answered with a slight edge to her voice (1908+)
Related Terms

have an edge on, have an edge on someone


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with on edge

on edge

Tense, nervous, irritable, as in We were all on edge as we waited for the surgeon's report. This expression transfers the edge of a cutting instrument to one's feelings. [ Late 1800s ]
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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