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Onondaga

[on-uh n-daw-guh, -dah-, -dey-] /ˌɒn ənˈdɔ gə, -ˈdɑ-, -ˈdeɪ-/
noun, plural Onondagas (especially collectively) Onondaga for 1.
1.
a member of a tribe of Iroquoian Indians formerly inhabiting the region of Onondaga Lake.
2.
the dialect of the Seneca language spoken by these Indians.
3.
Lake, a salt lake in central New York. 5 miles (8 km) long; 1 mile (1.6 km) wide.
Origin of Onondaga
< Onondaga onǫ́·tàʔke on the hill, the name of the main Onondaga town, at successive locations
Related forms
Onondagan, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for Onondaga

Onondaga

/ˌɒnənˈdɑːɡə/
noun
1.
Lake Onondaga, a salt lake in central New York State. Area: about 13 sq km (5 sq miles)
2.
(pl) -gas, -ga. a member of a North American Indian Iroquois people formerly living between Lake Champlain and the St Lawrence River
3.
the language of this people, belonging to the Iroquoian family
Word Origin
from Iroquois onõtáge', literally: on the top of the hill (the name of their principal village)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Onondaga

tribe in the Iroquois Confederacy, 1684, named for its principal settlement, from Onondaga onontake, literally "on the hill."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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