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oogonium o·o·go·ni·um (ō'ə-gō'nē-əm)
n. pl. o·o·go·ni·ums or o·o·go·ni·a (-nē-ə)
The primitive egg mother cell from which the oocytes develop.
the female reproductive organ in ferns and mosses. An archegonium also occurs in some gymnosperms, e.g., cycads and conifers. A flask-shaped structure, it consists of a neck, with one or more layers of cells, and a swollen base-the venter-which contains the egg. Neck-canal cells, located above the egg, disappear as the archegonium matures, thus producing a passage for entry of the sperm. The sperm are produced in the corresponding male reproductive organ, the antheridium.