noun Mathematics.
a quantity upon which a mathematical operation is performed.

1885–90; < Late Latin operandum, gerund of operārī; see operate

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World English Dictionary
operand (ˈɒpəˌrænd)
a quantity or function upon which a mathematical or logical operation is performed
[C19: from Latin operandum (something) to be worked upon, from operārī to work]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1886, from L. operandum, neut. gerundive of operari (see operation).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

operand definition

An argument of an operator or of a machine language instruction.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
Indicates whether the operand may be referenced via a statement label or the source code line number.
The operand of the throw is syntactically similar to the operand of a return statement.
The operand which appears on the left-hand side of a binary infix operator.
Select your operand and enter some or all of the commodity or carrier location.
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