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opponent

[uh-poh-nuh nt] /əˈpoʊ nənt/
noun
1.
a person who is on an opposing side in a game, contest, controversy, or the like; adversary.
adjective
2.
being opposite, as in position.
3.
opposing; adverse; antagonistic.
4.
Anatomy. bringing parts together or into opposition, as a muscle.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Latin oppōnent- (stem of oppōnēns, present participle of oppōnere to place over, against, or in front of, make an obstacle), equivalent to op- op- + pōn(ere) to place, set, put + -ent- -ent
Synonyms
1. antagonist. Opponent, competitor, rival refer to persons engaged in a contest. Opponent is the most impersonal, meaning merely one who opposes; perhaps one who continually blocks and frustrates or one who happens to be on the opposite side in a temporary contest: an opponent in a debate. Competitor emphasizes the action in striving against another, or others, for a definite, common goal: competitors in business. Rival has both personal and emotional connotations; it emphasizes the idea that (usually) two persons are struggling to attain the same object: rivals for an office.
Antonyms
1. ally, friend.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for opponents
  • When opponents of a game are equally matched, the team dressed in red is more likely to win, according to a new study.
  • But the dam project is still being challenged, both in the courts and among conservationists and other opponents.
  • Some opponents of daylight saving time include the agricultural community, where the loss of early morning daylight is a concern.
  • But what many opponents of the project worry about is what happens if those normal operations fail.
  • opponents to this approach argue that targets need to be internationally binding and enforced.
  • opponents to globalization blame free trade for unfair working conditions.
  • But critics of the law say it is used to stifle political opponents, and that it threatens academic freedom.
  • Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization.
  • Before a fight, many animals size up their opponents-however briefly.
  • But many of his political opponents dispute the reality of climate change as well as any funding to fight it.
British Dictionary definitions for opponents

opponent

/əˈpəʊnənt/
noun
1.
a person who opposes another in a contest, battle, etc
2.
(anatomy) an opponent muscle
adjective
3.
opposite, as in position
4.
(anatomy) (of a muscle) bringing two parts into opposition
5.
opposing; contrary
Derived Forms
opponency, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin oppōnere to oppose, from ob- against + pōnere to place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for opponents

opponent

n.

1580s, from Latin opponentem (nominative opponens), present participle of opponere "oppose, object to," literally "set against, set opposite," from ob "against" (see ob-) + ponere "to put, set, place" (see position).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
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