oprichnina

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oprichnina

private court or household created by Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible (1565) that administered those Russian lands (also known as oprichnina) that had been separated from the rest of Muscovy and placed under the tsar's direct control. The term also refers generally to the economic and administrative policy that divided the Russian lands into two parts and established the new court

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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