That oral tradition of communication then gave way to the second voice, the written word with its enormous range.
Landays may be read, but true to their roots in oral tradition, they are frequently sung, sometimes with a drum for accompaniment.
No special source, other at least than oral tradition, is necessary to account for so slight an addition.
Will men say, 'The later the ballad, the more it is altered in oral tradition'?
The several versions, all from oral tradition of this century, show the same resemblances and differences as the English.
Narrative, as we know from oral tradition, can take forms other than the book.
Before it had become a written document it had lived long as oral tradition.
From what has been said it will be clear enough that the poems are preserved by oral tradition.
The language of these tribes is harsh: some poems of high antiquity have been transmitted to them by oral tradition.
All events had to be transmitted from generation to generation by oral tradition.