orange fort


[awr-inj, or-; French aw-rahnzh for 3, 6]
a member of a European princely family ruling in the United Kingdom from 1688 to 1694 and in the Netherlands since 1815.
a river in the Republic of South Africa, flowing W from Lesotho to the Atlantic. 1300 miles (2095 km) long.
a former small principality of W Europe: now in the SE part of France.
a city in SW California, near Los Angeles.
a city in NE New Jersey, near Newark.
a town in SE France, near Avignon: Roman ruins.
a city in SE Texas.
a town in S Connecticut. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
orange (ˈɒrɪndʒ)
1.  See also tangerine any of several citrus trees, esp Citrus sinensis (sweet orange) and the Seville orange, cultivated in warm regions for their round edible fruit
2.  a.  See also navel orange the fruit of any of these trees, having a yellowish-red bitter rind and segmented juicy flesh
 b.  (as modifier): orange peel
3.  the hard wood of any of these trees
4.  any of a group of colours, such as that of the skin of an orange, that lie between red and yellow in the visible spectrum in the approximate wavelength range 620--585 nanometres
5.  a dye or pigment producing these colours
6.  orange cloth or clothing: dressed in orange
7.  any of several trees or herbaceous plants that resemble the orange, such as mock orange
8.  of the colour orange
[C14: via Old French from Old Provençal auranja, from Arabic nāranj, from Persian nārang, from Sanskrit nāranga, probably of Dravidian origin]

Orange2 (ˈɒrɪndʒ)
1.  a princely family of Europe. Its possessions, originally centred in S France, passed in 1544 to the count of Nassau, who became William I of Orange and helped to found the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Since 1815 it has been the name of the reigning house of the Netherlands. It was the ruling house of Great Britain and Ireland under William III and Mary (1689--94) and under William III as sole monarch (1694--1702)
2.  (modifier) of or relating to the Orangemen
3.  (modifier) of or relating to the royal dynasty of Orange

1.  a river in S Africa, rising in NE Lesotho and flowing generally west across the South African plateau to the Atlantic: the longest river in South Africa. Length: 2093 km (1300 miles)
2.  Ancient name: Arausio a town in SE France: a small principality in the Middle Ages, the descendants of which formed the House of Orange. Pop: 27 989 (1999)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from O.Fr. orenge (12c.), from M.L. pomum de orenge, from It. arancia, originally narancia (Venetian naranza), alt. of Arabic naranj, from Pers. narang, from Skt. naranga-s "orange tree," of uncertain origin. Loss of initial n- probably due to confusion with definite article (e.g. une narange,
una narancia), but perhaps infl. by Fr. or "gold." The tree's original range probably was northern India. The Persian orange, grown widely in southern Europe after its introduction in Italy 11c., was bitter; sweet oranges were brought to Europe 15c. from India by Portuguese traders and quickly displaced the bitter variety, but only Mod.Gk. still seems to distinguish the bitter (nerantzi) from the sweet (portokali "Portuguese") orange. Portuguese, Spanish, Arab, and Dutch sailors planted citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy. On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher Columbus brought the seeds of oranges, lemons and citrons to Haiti and the Caribbean. Introduced in Florida (along with lemons) in 1513 by Sp. explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. Introduced to Hawaii 1792. Not used as the name of a color until 1542.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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