orangutan

[aw-rang-oo-tan, oh-rang-, uh-rang-]
noun
a large, long-armed anthropoid ape, Pongo pygmaeus, of arboreal habits, inhabiting Borneo and Sumatra: an endangered species.
Also, orang-utan, orangutang, orang-outang [aw-rang-oo-tang, oh-rang-, uh-rang-] .
Also called orang.


Origin:
1690–1700; < Neo-Latin, Dutch orang outang, apparently < pidgin or bazaar Malay: literally, forest man (Malay orang man, person + (h)utan forest

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

orangutan
1699, from Du. orang-outang, from Malay orang utan, lit. "man of the woods," from orang "man" + utan, hutan "forest, wild." It is possible that the word originally was used by town-dwellers on Java to describe savage forest tribes of the Sunda Islands and that Europeans misunderstood it to mean the ape.
The name is not now applied in Malay to the animal, but there is evidence that it was so in 17c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In one case, an orangutan cringed and pulled away as its companion extracted a
  fish from a pond.
The orangutan finding, he says, suggests these fossils may indeed represent
  bipedal apes.
Present day orangutan and spider monkeys have the same angle as humans yet are
  extremely adept tree climbers.
Later investigation revealed that the door that connects the furnace room to
  the orangutan enclosure was open.
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