1 [awr-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, or-]
skill or eloquence in public speaking: The evangelist moved thousands to repentance with his oratory.
the art of public speaking, especially in a formal and eloquent manner.

1580–90; < Latin ōrātōria, noun use of feminine of ōrātōrius of an orator. See orator, -tory1

1. rhetoric, delivery, declamation.
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2 [awr-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, or-]
noun, plural oratories.
a place of prayer, as a small chapel or a room for private devotions.
(initial capital letter) Roman Catholic Church. any of the religious societies of secular priests who live in religious communities but do not take vows.

1300–50; Middle English < Late Latin ōrātōrium place of prayer. See orator, -tory2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
oratory1 (ˈɒrətərɪ, -trɪ)
1.  the art of public speaking
2.  rhetorical skill or style
[C16: from Latin (ars) ōrātōria (the art of) public speaking]

oratory2 (ˈɒrətərɪ, -trɪ)
n , pl -ries
a small room or secluded place, set apart for private prayer
[C14: from Anglo-Norman, from Church Latin ōrātōrium place of prayer, from ōrāre to plead, pray]

Oratory (ˈɒrətərɪ, -trɪ)
1.  Also called: Congregation of the Oratory the religious society of secular priests (Oratorians) living in a community founded by St Philip Neri
2.  any church belonging to this society: the Brompton Oratory

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"formal public speaking, the art of eloquence," 1586, from L. (ars) oratoria "oratorical (art)," fem. of oratorius "of speaking or pleading," from orare (see orator).

"small chapel," c.1300, from L.L. oratorium "place of prayer" (especially the Oratory of St. Philip Neri in Rome, where musical services were presented), properly an adj., as in oratorium templum, from neut. of L. oratorius "of or for praying," from orare (see orator).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Rhetoric has moved from oratory and public speaking to writing, and to speaking as a preparation for writing.
His oratory and his philosophy made him known to millions.
It might be noted, too, that there has been no dearth of primary oratory re the
  environment and health and medicine.
When people are asked to list their favorite metaphor, they typically cite
  great works of poetry, literature or oratory.
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