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[awr-fuh n] /ˈɔr fən/
a child who has lost both parents through death, or, less commonly, one parent.
a young animal that has been deserted by or has lost its mother.
a person or thing that is without protective affiliation, sponsorship, etc.:
The committee is an orphan of the previous administration.
  1. (especially in word processing) the first line of a paragraph when it appears alone at the bottom of a page.
  2. widow (def 3b).
bereft of parents.
of or for orphans:
an orphan home.
not authorized, supported, or funded; not part of a system; isolated; abandoned:
an orphan research project.
lacking a commercial sponsor, an employer, etc.:
orphan workers.
verb (used with object)
to deprive of parents or a parent through death:
He was orphaned at the age of four.
Informal. to deprive of commercial sponsorship, an employer, etc.:
The recession has orphaned many experienced workers.
Origin of orphan
late Middle English
1425-75; late Middle English (noun) < Late Latin orphanus destitute, without parents < Greek orphanós bereaved; akin to Latin orbus bereaved
Related forms
orphanhood, noun
half-orphan, noun
unorphaned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for orphaned
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But the orphaned girl had something this summer on which to feed her imagination.

    A Little Miss Nobody Amy Bell Marlowe
  • All at once he caught 125sight of the orphaned children and threatened them vehemently.

    Emmy Lou George Madden Martin
  • Mohammed therefore had good reason to bless the Providence which had provided such protectors for his orphaned infancy.

    Ten Great Religions James Freeman Clarke
  • He had been orphaned so young that he could remember no other woman whom he called mother.

  • I am afraid that I may have done my orphaned cousin seeming injustice in former chapters of this autobiography.

    When Grandmamma Was New Marion Harland
British Dictionary definitions for orphaned


  1. a child, one or (more commonly) both of whose parents are dead
  2. (as modifier): an orphan child
(printing) the first line of a paragraph separated from the rest of the paragraph by occurring at the foot of a page
(transitive) to deprive of one or both parents
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin orphanus, from Greek orphanos; compare Latin orbus bereaved
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for orphaned



c.1300, from Late Latin orphanus "parentless child" (source of Old French orfeno, Italian orfano), from Greek orphanos "orphaned, without parents, fatherless," literally "deprived," from orphos "bereft," from PIE *orbho- "bereft of father," also "deprived of free status," from root *orbh- "to change allegiance, to pass from one status to another" (cf. Hittite harb- "change allegiance," Latin orbus "bereft," Sanskrit arbhah "weak, child," Armenian orb "orphan," Old Irish orbe "heir," Old Church Slavonic rabu "slave," rabota "servitude" (cf. robot), Gothic arbja, German erbe, Old English ierfa "heir," Old High German arabeit, German Arbeit "work," Old Frisian arbed, Old English earfoð "hardship, suffering, trouble"). As an adjective from late 15c.


1814, from orphan (n.). Related: Orphaned; orphaning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for orphaned



A model of a car, boat, computer, etc, which is no longer being manufactured, and for which spare parts are hard to find (1940s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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