orphan [awr-fuh n] /ˈɔr fən/ Show IPA
a child who has lost both parents through death, or, less commonly, one parent.
a young animal that has been deserted by or has lost its mother.
a person or thing that is without protective affiliation, sponsorship, etc.:
The committee is an orphan of the previous administration.
(especially in word processing) the first line of a paragraph when it appears alone at the bottom of a page.
widow (def 3b).
of or for orphans:
an orphan home.
not authorized, supported, or funded; not part of a system; isolated; abandoned:
an orphan research project.
lacking a commercial sponsor, an employer, etc.:
verb (used with object)
to deprive of parents or a parent through death:
He was orphaned at the age of four.
to deprive of commercial sponsorship, an employer, etc.:
The recession has orphaned many experienced workers.
1425–75; late Middle English (noun) < Late Latin orphanus destitute, without parents < Greek orphanós bereaved; akin to Latin orbus bereaved