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ostracize

[os-truh-sahyz] /ˈɒs trəˌsaɪz/
verb (used with object), ostracized, ostracizing.
1.
to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.:
His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.
2.
to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
3.
(in ancient Greece) to banish (a citizen) temporarily by popular vote.
Also, especially British, ostracise.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Greek ostrakízein, equivalent to óstrak(on) potsherd, tile, ballot (akin to óstreion oyster, shell) + -izein -ize
Related forms
ostracizable, adjective
ostracization, noun
ostracizer, noun
Synonyms
1. shun, snub, blacklist.
Antonyms
1. accept.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ostracise

ostracize

/ˈɒstrəˌsaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to exclude or banish (a person) from a particular group, society, etc
2.
(in ancient Greece) to punish by temporary exile
Derived Forms
ostracism, noun
ostracizable, ostracisable, adjective
ostracizer, ostraciser, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Greek ostrakizein to select someone for banishment by voting on potsherds; see ostracon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for ostracise
verb

to banish or expel; abolish

Word Origin

Greek ostrakizein 'to banish by voting with potsherds'

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin and History for ostracise
v.

chiefly British English spelling of ostracize (q.v.); for suffix, see -ize. Related: Ostracised.

ostracize

v.

1640s, from Greek ostrakizein "to banish," literally "to banish by voting with potshards" (see ostracism). Figurative sense of "to exclude from society" is attested from 1640s. Related: Ostracization; ostracized; ostracizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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