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7 Essential Words of Fall

countenance

[koun-tn-uh ns] /ˈkaʊn tn əns/
noun
1.
appearance, especially the look or expression of the face:
a sad countenance.
2.
the face; visage.
3.
calm facial expression; composure.
4.
approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.
5.
Obsolete. bearing; behavior.
verb (used with object), countenanced, countenancing.
6.
to permit or tolerate:
You should not have countenanced his rudeness.
7.
to approve, support, or encourage.
Idioms
8.
out of countenance, visibly disconcerted; abashed:
He was somewhat out of countenance at the prospect of an apology.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English cuntenaunce behavior, bearing, self-control < Anglo-French cuntena(u)nce, Old French contenance < Latin continentia; see continence
Related forms
countenancer, noun
uncountenanced, adjective
undercountenance, noun
Synonyms
2. See face.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for out of countenance

countenance

/ˈkaʊntɪnəns/
noun
1.
the face, esp when considered as expressing a person's character or mood: a pleasant countenance
2.
support or encouragement; sanction
3.
composure; self-control (esp in the phrases keep or lose one's countenance; out of countenance)
verb (transitive)
4.
to support or encourage; sanction
5.
to tolerate; endure
Derived Forms
countenancer, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French contenance mien, behaviour, from Latin continentia restraint, control; see contain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for out of countenance

countenance

n.

mid-13c., from Old French contenance "demeanor, bearing, conduct," from Latin continentia "restraint, abstemiousness, moderation," literally "way one contains oneself," from continentem, present participle of continere (see contain). Meaning evolving Middle English from "appearance" to "facial expression betraying a state of mind," to "face" itself (late 14c.).

v.

late 15c., "to behave or act," from countenance (n.). Sense of "to favor, patronize" is from 1560s, from notion of "to look upon with sanction or smiles." Related: Countenanced; countenancing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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