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outcrop

[n. out-krop; v. out-krop] /n. ˈaʊtˌkrɒp; v. ˌaʊtˈkrɒp/
noun
1.
Geology.
  1. a cropping out, as of a stratum or vein at the surface of the earth.
  2. the exposed portion of such a stratum or vein.
2.
something that emerges suddenly or violently in the manner of an outcrop; outbreak:
an outcrop of student demonstrations.
verb (used without object), outcropped, outcropping.
3.
to crop out, as strata.
Origin
1760-1770
1760-70; noun use of verb phrase crop out
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for outcropping
  • Secondly, at this location there is a rock outcropping which goes into the water a bit.
  • He worked himself down to a wider outcropping and hunkered there with his back against the limestone and his eyes closed.
  • Two commandos move left, away from the forest cover into a rocky outcropping.
  • Their destination is a plywood shack in the protective embrace of a small rock outcropping-directly in the path of an avalanche.
  • The second series of pictures shows what appears to me to be a large rocky outcropping with no sense of scale.
  • One was a storage room, with a raw rock outcropping that extended back farther than the light in the room allowed you to see.
  • On the north face is a vertical rock outcropping that is aligned along a north and south point.
  • Silhouette of an adult golden eagle still perched on a rock outcropping.
  • It is a harsh glade environment where limestone outcropping is prevalent.
  • In places, the bedrock outcropping that is visibly exposed on the lower bank extends to the surface of the excavation above.
British Dictionary definitions for outcropping

outcrop

noun (ˈaʊtˌkrɒp)
1.
part of a rock formation or mineral vein that appears at the surface of the earth
2.
an emergence; appearance
verb (intransitive) (ˌaʊtˈkrɒp) -crops, -cropping, -cropped
3.
(of rock strata, mineral veins, etc) to protrude through the surface of the earth
4.
another word for crop out
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for outcropping

outcrop

n.

1805, in geology, "exposure of rocks at the surface," from out + crop (n.) in its sense of "sprout, head."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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outcropping in Science
outcrop
  (out'krŏp')   
An area of visible bedrock that is not covered with soil.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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