a battle or combat.
any contest or struggle: a fight for recovery from an illness.
an angry argument or disagreement: Whenever we discuss politics, we end up in a fight.
Boxing. a bout or contest.
a game or diversion in which the participants hit or pelt each other with something harmless: a pillow fight; a water fight.
ability, will, or inclination to fight: There was no fight left in him.
verb (used without object), fought, fighting.
to engage in battle or in single combat; attempt to defend oneself against or to subdue, defeat, or destroy an adversary.
to contend in any manner; strive vigorously for or against something: He fought bravely against despair.
verb (used with object), fought, fighting.
to contend with in battle or combat; war against: England fought Germany.
to contend with or against in any manner: to fight despair; to fight the passage of a bill.
to carry on (a battle, duel, etc.).
to maintain (a cause, quarrel, etc.) by fighting or contending.
to make (one's way) by fighting or striving.
to cause or set (a boxer, animal, etc.) to fight.
to manage or maneuver (troops, ships, guns, planes, etc.) in battle.
fight it out, to fight until a decision is reached: Let them fight it out among themselves.
fight shy of. shy1 ( def 12 ).
fight with windmills. tilt1 ( def 17 ).

before 900; (v.) Middle English fi(g)hten, Old English fe(o)htan (cognate with German fechten); (noun) Middle English fi(g)ht, Old English feohte, (ge)feoht, derivative of the v. base

fightable, adjective
fightability, noun
fightingly, adverb
outfight, verb (used with object), outfought, outfighting.
prefight, adjective
refight, verb, refought, refighting.
unfightable, adjective

1, 2. encounter, engagement, affray, fray, action, skirmish, melee; scuffle, tussle, row, riot. Fight, combat, conflict, contest denote a struggle of some kind. Fight connotes a hand-to-hand struggle for supremacy, literally or in a figurative sense. Combat suggests an armed encounter, to settle a dispute. Conflict implies a bodily, mental, or moral struggle caused by opposing views, beliefs, etc. Contest applies to either a friendly or a hostile struggle for a definite prize or aim.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fight (faɪt)
vb (when intr often foll by for) , fights, fighting, fought
1.  to oppose or struggle against (an enemy) in battle
2.  to oppose or struggle against (a person, thing, cause, etc) in any manner
3.  (tr) to engage in or carry on (a battle, contest, etc)
4.  to uphold or maintain (a cause, ideal, etc) by fighting or struggling: to fight for freedom
5.  (tr) to make or achieve (a way) by fighting
6.  (intr) boxing
 a.  to box, as for a living
 b.  to use aggressive rough tactics
7.  to engage (another or others) in combat
8.  fight it out to contend or struggle until a decisive result is obtained
9.  fight shy of to keep aloof from
10.  a battle, struggle, or physical combat
11.  a quarrel, dispute, or contest
12.  resistance (esp in the phrase to put up a fight)
13.  the desire to take part in physical combat (esp in the phrase to show fight)
14.  a boxing match
[Old English feohtan; related to Old Frisian fiuchta, Old Saxon, Old High German fehtan to fight]
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. feohtan "to fight" (class III strong verb; past tense feaht, pp. fohten), from P.Gmc. *fekhtanan (cf. O.H.G. fehtan, Du. vechten, O.Fris. fiuhta), from PIE *pek- "to pluck out" (wool or hair), apparently with a notion of "pulling roughly." Spelling substitution of -gh- for a "hard H" sound was
a M.E. scribal habit, especially before -t-. In some late O.E. examples, the middle consonant was represented by a yogh. Related: Fighting. The noun is from O.E. feohte, gefeoht.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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