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skirmish

[skur-mish] /ˈskɜr mɪʃ/
noun
1.
Military. a fight between small bodies of troops, especially advanced or outlying detachments of opposing armies.
2.
any brisk conflict or encounter:
She had a skirmish with her landlord about the rent.
verb (used without object)
3.
to engage in a skirmish.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; (noun) Middle English skirmysshe < Old French eskirmiss-, long stem of eskirmir < Germanic (compare Old High German skirman); replacing Middle English scarmouche < Old French escaramoucher (see Scaramouch); (v.) late Middle English scarmuchen, scarmusshen to skirmish, Middle English skirmisshen to brandish a weapon < Old French escar(a)mucher to skirmish; vowels influenced by Old French eskirmiss-
Related forms
skirmisher, noun
outskirmish, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. combat, brush. See battle1 .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for outskirmish

skirmish

/ˈskɜːmɪʃ/
noun
1.
a minor short-lived military engagement
2.
any brisk clash or encounter, usually of a minor nature
verb
3.
(intransitive) often foll by with. to engage in a skirmish
Derived Forms
skirmisher, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French eskirmir, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German skirmen to defend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for outskirmish
skirmish
c.1300, from O.Fr. escarmouche "skirmish," from It. scaramuccia, probably from a Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. skirmen "to protect, defend"), influenced in M.E. by a separate verb skirmysshen "to brandish a weapon," from O.Fr. eskirmiss-, stem of eskirmir "to fence," from Frankish *skirmjan, from the same Gmc. source. The verb is attested from c.1470. Cf. also scrimmage.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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