verb (used with object)
to twist suddenly and forcibly; pull, jerk, or force by a violent twist: He wrenched the prisoner's wrist.
to overstrain or injure (the ankle, knee, etc.) by a sudden, violent twist: When she fell, she wrenched her ankle.
to affect distressingly as if by a wrench.
to wrest, as from the right use or meaning: to wrench the facts out of context.
verb (used without object)
to twist, turn, or move suddenly aside: He wrenched away.
to give a wrench or twist at something.
a wrenching movement; a sudden, violent twist: With a quick wrench, she freed herself.
a painful, straining twist, as of the ankle or wrist.
a sharp, distressing strain, as to the feelings.
a twisting or distortion, as of meaning.
a tool for gripping and turning or twisting the head of a bolt, a nut, a pipe, or the like, commonly consisting of a bar of metal with fixed or adjustable jaws.

before 1050; Middle English wrenchen (v.), Old English wrencan to twist, turn; cognate with German renken

wrencher, noun
wrenchingly, adverb
outwrench, verb (used with object)
unwrenched, adjective

retch, winch, wrench, wretch.

4. distort, twist, warp.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
wrench (rɛntʃ)
1.  to give (something) a sudden or violent twist or pull esp so as to remove (something) from that to which it is attached: to wrench a door off its hinges
2.  (tr) to twist suddenly so as to sprain (a limb): to wrench one's ankle
3.  (tr) to give pain to
4.  (tr) to twist from the original meaning or purpose
5.  (intr) to make a sudden twisting motion
6.  a forceful twist or pull
7.  an injury to a limb, caused by twisting
8.  sudden pain caused esp by parting
9.  a parting that is difficult or painful to make
10.  a distorting of the original meaning or purpose
11.  See also torque wrench a spanner, esp one with adjustable jaws
[Old English wrencan; related to Old High German renken, Lithuanian rangyti to twist. See wrinkle1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. wrencan "to twist," from P.Gmc. *wrankijanan (cf. O.H.G. renken, Ger. renken "to twist, wrench," O.E. wringan "to wring"), from PIE *wreng- "to turn" (cf. Skt. vrnakti "turns, twists," Lith. rengtis "to grow crooked, to writhe"), nasalized variant of *werg- "to turn" (cf. L. vergere "to turn, tend
toward"), from base *wer- "to turn, bend" (see versus). Related: Wrenched, wrenching.

O.E. wrenc "a twisting, artifice, trick;" see wrench (v.). The meaning "tool with jaws for turning" is first recorded 1794.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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