over against

against

[uh-genst, uh-geynst]
preposition
1.
in opposition to; contrary to; adverse or hostile to: twenty votes against ten; against reason.
2.
in resistance to or defense from: protection against burglars.
3.
in an opposite direction to: to ride against the wind.
4.
into contact or collision with; toward; upon: The rain beat against the window.
5.
in contact with: to lean against the wall.
6.
in preparation for; in provision for: money saved against a rainy day.
7.
having as background: a design of flowers against a dark wall.
8.
in exchange for; as a balance to or debit or charge on: He asked for an advance against his salary.
9.
in competition with: a racehorse running against his own record time.
10.
in comparison or contrast with: a matter of reason as against emotion.
11.
beside; near; before: The car is against the building.
conjunction
12.
Archaic. before; by the time that.
Idioms
13.
over against, in contrast with: the rich over against the poor.

Origin:
1125–75; Middle English agens, ageynes, equivalent to ageyn again + -es -s1; for -t cf. whilst, amongst

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
against (əˈɡɛnst, əˈɡeɪnst)
 
prep
1.  opposed to; in conflict or disagreement with: they fought against the legislation
2.  standing or leaning beside or in front of: a ladder against the wall
3.  coming in contact with: the branches of a tree brushed against the bus
4.  in contrast to: silhouettes are outlines against a light background
5.  having an adverse or unfavourable effect on: the economic system works against small independent companies
6.  as a protection from or means of defence from the adverse effects of: a safeguard against contaminated water
7.  in exchange for or in return for
8.  rare in preparation for: he gave them warm clothing against their journey through the night
9.  as against as opposed to or as compared with: he had two shots at him this time as against only one last time
 
[C12: ageines, from again, ageyn, etc, again + -es genitive ending; the spelling with -t (C16) was probably due to confusion with superlatives ending in -st]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

against
early 12c., agenes "in opposition to," a southern variant of agen "again" (see again), with adverbial genitive and a parasitic -t that turned up mid-14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

over against

As opposed to, contrasted with, as in Over against the Smiths, the Johnsons were well off. [c. 1500]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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