over compensation

overcompensation

[oh-ver-kom-puhn-sey-shuhn]
noun Psychoanalysis.
1.
a pronounced striving to neutralize and conceal a strong but unacceptable character trait by substituting for it an opposite trait.
2.
compensation to an unnecessary or unreasonable degree: The pay was overcompensation for the work done.

Origin:
1915–20; over- + compensation; as psychoanalytic term, translation of Überkompensation, coined by Alfred Adler

overcompensatory [oh-ver-kuhm-pen-suh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
overcompensation (ˌəʊvəˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃən)
 
n
psychol an attempt to make up for a character trait by overexaggerating its opposite

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

overcompensation
1917 in the psychological sense, translating Ger. überkompensation, from over + compensation. A term used by A. Alder to denote exaggerated striving for power in someone who has an inner sense of inferiority.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

overcompensation o·ver·com·pen·sa·tion (ō'vər-kŏm'pən-sā'shən)
n.

  1. Excessive compensation, especially the exertion of effort beyond what is needed to compensate for a physical or psychological characteristic or defect.

  2. An extreme neurotic striving for power or prestige because of a feeling of inferiority.

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