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reduce

[ri-doos, -dyoos] /rɪˈdus, -ˈdyus/
verb (used with object), reduced, reducing.
1.
to bring down to a smaller extent, size, amount, number, etc.:
to reduce one's weight by 10 pounds.
2.
to lower in degree, intensity, etc.:
to reduce the speed of a car.
3.
to bring down to a lower rank, dignity, etc.: a sergeant reduced to a corporal.
4.
to treat analytically, as a complex idea.
5.
to lower in price.
6.
to bring to a certain state, condition, arrangement, etc.:
to reduce glass to powder.
7.
to bring under control or authority.
8.
Cookery. to evaporate water from (a sauce, soup, or other liquid), usually by boiling.
9.
Photography. to lessen the density of (an exposed negative).
10.
to adjust or correct by making allowances, as an astronomical observation.
11.
Mathematics. to change the denomination or form, but not the value, of (a fraction, polynomial, etc.).
12.
Chemistry.
  1. to add electrons to.
  2. to deoxidize.
  3. to add hydrogen to.
  4. to change (a compound) so that the valence of the positive element is lower.
13.
Chemistry, Metallurgy. to bring into the metallic state by separating from nonmetallic constituents.
14.
to thin or dilute:
to reduce paint with oil or turpentine.
15.
to lower the alcoholic concentration of (spirits) by diluting with water.
16.
Surgery. to restore to the normal place, relation, or condition, as a fractured bone.
17.
Phonetics. to modify the quality of (a speech sound) to one of lesser distinctiveness, especially to pronounce (an unstressed vowel) as (ə) or another centralized vowel, as in the unstressed syllables of medicinal.
verb (used without object), reduced, reducing.
18.
to become reduced.
19.
to become lessened, especially in weight.
20.
to be turned into or made to equal something:
All our difficulties reduce to financial problems.
21.
Cell Biology. to undergo meiosis.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English reducen to lead back < Latin redūcere to lead back, bring back, equivalent to re- re- + dūcere to lead
Related forms
antireducing, adjective, noun
nonreducing, adjective
overreduce, verb, overreduced, overreducing.
Synonyms
1. diminish, decrease, shorten, abridge, curtail, contract, retrench. 1, 2. lessen, attenuate, abate. 3. degrade, demote, humble. 7. subdue, subjugate, conquer, subject, vanquish, overcome, overpower.
Antonyms
1. increase. 3. elevate, exalt.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for over reduce

reduce

/rɪˈdjuːs/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(also intransitive) to make or become smaller in size, number, extent, degree, intensity, etc
2.
to bring into a certain state, condition, etc: to reduce a forest to ashes, to reduce someone to despair
3.
(also intransitive) to make or become slimmer; lose or cause to lose excess weight
4.
to impoverish (esp in the phrase in reduced circumstances)
5.
to bring into a state of submission to one's authority; subjugate: the whole country was reduced after three months
6.
to bring down the price of (a commodity): the shirt was reduced in the sale
7.
to lower the rank or status of; demote: he was reduced from corporal to private, reduced to the ranks
8.
to set out systematically as an aid to understanding; simplify: his theories have been reduced in a popular treatise
9.
(maths) to modify or simplify the form of (an expression or equation), esp by substitution of one term by another
10.
(cookery) to make (a sauce, stock, etc) more concentrated by boiling away some of the water in it
11.
to thin out (paint) by adding oil, turpentine, etc; dilute
12.
(also intransitive) (chem)
  1. to undergo or cause to undergo a chemical reaction with hydrogen or formation of a hydride
  2. to lose or cause to lose oxygen atoms
  3. to undergo or cause to undergo an increase in the number of electrons Compare oxidize
13.
(photog) to lessen the density of (a negative or print) by converting some of the blackened silver in the emulsion to soluble silver compounds by an oxidation process using a photographic reducer
14.
(surgery) to manipulate or reposition (a broken or displaced bone, organ, or part) back to its normal site
15.
(also intransitive) (biology) to undergo or cause to undergo meiosis
Derived Forms
reducible, adjective
reducibility, noun
reducibly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin redūcere to bring back, from re- + dūcere to lead
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for over reduce

reduce

v.

late 14c., "bring back," from Old French reducer (14c.), from Latin reducere "lead back, bring back," figuratively "restore, replace," from re- "back" (see re-) + ducere "bring, lead" (see duke (n.)). Meaning "bring to an inferior condition" is 1570s; that of "bring to a lower rank" is 1640s (military reduce to ranks is from 1802); that of "subdue by force of arms" is 1610s. Sense of "to lower, diminish, lessen" is from 1787. Related: Reduced; reducing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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over reduce in Medicine

reduce re·duce (rĭ-dōōs', -dyōōs')
v. re·duced, re·duc·ing, re·duc·es

  1. To bring down, as in extent, amount, or degree; diminish.

  2. To lose weight, as by dieting.

  3. To restore a fractured or displaced body part to a normal condition or position.

  4. To decrease the valence of an atom by adding electrons.

  5. To remove oxygen from a compound.

  6. To add hydrogen to a compound.


re·duc'er n.
re·duc'i·bil'i·ty n.
re·duc'i·ble adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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