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saturate

[v. sach-uh-reyt; adj., n. sach-er-it, -uh-reyt] /v. ˈsætʃ əˌreɪt; adj., n. ˈsætʃ ər ɪt, -əˌreɪt/
verb (used with object), saturated, saturating.
1.
to cause (a substance) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance, through solution, chemical combination, or the like.
2.
to charge to the utmost, as with magnetism.
3.
to soak, impregnate, or imbue thoroughly or completely:
to saturate a sponge with water; a town saturated with charm.
4.
to destroy (a target) completely with bombs and missiles.
5.
to send so many planes over (a target area) that the defensive electronic tracking equipment becomes ineffective.
6.
to furnish (a market) with goods to its full purchasing capacity.
verb (used without object), saturated, saturating.
7.
to become saturated.
adjective
8.
noun
9.
a saturated fat or fatty acid.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < Latin saturātus (past participle of saturāre to fill), equivalent to satur- full, well-fed (see sad) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
desaturate, verb (used with object), desaturated, desaturating.
oversaturate, verb (used with object), oversaturated, oversaturating.
Synonyms
3. See wet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for over saturate

saturate

verb (ˈsætʃəˌreɪt)
1.
to fill, soak, or imbue totally
2.
to make (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc) saturated or (of a compound, vapour, etc) to become saturated
3.
(transitive) (military) to bomb or shell heavily
adjective (ˈsætʃərɪt; -ˌreɪt)
4.
a less common word for saturated
Derived Forms
saturater, saturator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin saturāre, from satur sated, from satis enough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for over saturate
saturate
1530s, "to satisfy, satiate," from L. saturatus, pp. of saturare "to fill full, sate, drench," from satur "sated, full," from PIE base *sa- "to satisfy" (see sad). Meaning "soak thoroughly" first recorded 1756. Marketing sense first recorded 1958. Saturation bombing first recorded 1942, in reference to Allied air raid on Cologne.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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over saturate in Medicine

saturate sat·u·rate (sāch'ə-rāt')
v. sat·u·rat·ed, sat·u·rat·ing, sat·u·rates
Abbr. sat.

  1. To imbue or impregnate thoroughly.

  2. To soak, fill, or load to capacity.

  3. To cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance.

  4. To satisfy all the chemical affinities of a substance; neutralize.

  5. To dissolve a substance up to that concentration beyond which the addition of more results in a second phase.


sat'u·ra·ble (sāch'ər-ə-bəl) adj.
sat'u·ra'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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