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advance

[ad-vans, -vahns] /ædˈvæns, -ˈvɑns/
verb (used with object), advanced, advancing.
1.
to move or bring forward:
The general advanced his troops to the new position.
2.
to bring into consideration or notice; suggest; propose:
to advance reasons for a tax cut.
3.
to improve; further:
to advance one's interests.
4.
to raise in rank; promote:
The board of directors advanced him to president.
5.
to raise in rate or amount; increase:
to advance the price.
6.
to bring forward in time; accelerate:
to advance growth; to advance clocks one hour.
7.
to supply beforehand; furnish on credit or before goods are delivered or work is done.
8.
to furnish as part of a stock or fund.
9.
to supply or pay in expectation of reimbursement:
They advanced her $5000 against future royalties.
10.
to schedule at a later time or date:
to advance a meeting from early to late fall.
11.
Informal. to do advance publicity for:
to advance a rock singer's personal appearances; the most heavily advanced sports event in history.
12.
Archaic. to raise, as a banner.
verb (used without object), advanced, advancing.
13.
to move or go forward; proceed:
The troops advanced.
14.
to increase in quantity, value, price, etc.:
His stock advanced three points.
15.
(of a color, form, etc., on a flat surface) to move toward or be perceived as moving toward an observer, especially as giving the illusion of space.
Compare recede1 (def 3).
16.
to improve or make progress.
17.
to grow or rise in importance, status, etc.:
to advance in rank.
18.
Informal. to provide publicity; do promotion:
He was hired to advance for a best-selling author.
noun
19.
a forward movement; progress in space:
the advance of the troops to the border.
20.
promotion; improvement in importance, rank, etc.:
his advance to the position of treasurer.
21.
Usually, advances.
  1. attempts at forming an acquaintanceship, reaching an agreement, or the like, made by one party.
  2. actions or words intended to be sexually inviting.
22.
addition to price; rise in price:
an advance on cottons.
23.
Commerce.
  1. a giving beforehand; a furnishing of something before an equivalent is received:
    An advance on his next month's salary permitted him to pay his debt on time.
  2. the money or goods thus furnished:
    He received $100 as an advance against future delivery.
24.
Journalism.
  1. copy prepared before the event it describes has occurred:
    The morning papers carried advances on the ceremony, which will take place tonight.
  2. a press release, wire-service dispatch, or the like, as one containing the text or partial text of a speech, sent to arrive in advance of the event to which it is related.
    Compare release copy.
25.
the leading body of an army.
26.
Military. (formerly) the order or a signal to advance.
27.
Informal.
  1. publicity done before the appearance of a noted person, a public event, etc.:
    She was hired to do advance for the candidate.
  2. a person hired to do advance publicity for an event:
    He is regarded as the best advance in the business.
28.
Automotive, Machinery. an adjustment made in the setting of the distributor of an internal-combustion engine to generate the spark for ignition in each cylinder earlier in the cycle.
Compare retard (def 5).
29.
Geology. a seaward movement of the shoreline.
adjective
30.
going or placed before:
an advance section of a train.
31.
made or given ahead of time:
an advance payment on a loan.
32.
issued ahead of time:
an advance copy of the president's speech.
33.
having gone beyond others or beyond the average.
Idioms
34.
in advance, ahead of time; beforehand:
You must get your tickets in advance.
35.
in advance of, in front of; before:
Heralds walked in advance of the king.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English avauncen < Anglo-French, Old French avanc(i)er < Vulgar Latin *abantiāre, verbal derivative of Late Latin abante in front (of) (Latin ab away from, off + ante before); ad- by mistaking a- for a-5 in the 16th cent.
Related forms
advancingly, adverb
overadvance, verb, overadvanced, overadvancing, noun
unadvancing, adjective
Synonyms
2. adduce, propound; offer. 3. forward, promote. 6. force; quicken, hasten, speed up. 9. lend, loan. 13. Advance, move on, proceed all imply movement forward. Advance applies to forward movement, especially toward an objective: to advance to a platform. Proceed emphasizes movement, as from one place to another, and often implies continuing after a halt: to proceed on one's journey. Move on is similar in meaning to proceed; it does not, however, imply a definite goal: The crowd was told to move on. 16. thrive, flourish; prosper. 20. growth, advancement. 21. overture, proposal; offer, tender. 24. prepublication. 25. spearhead.
Antonyms
1, 2. withdraw. 13. retreat. 17. decrease.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for over-advance

advance

/ədˈvɑːns/
verb
1.
to go or bring forward in position
2.
(foll by on) to move (towards) in a threatening manner
3.
(transitive) to present for consideration; suggest
4.
to bring or be brought to a further stage of development; improve; further
5.
(transitive) to cause (an event) to occur earlier
6.
(transitive) to supply (money, goods, etc) beforehand, either for a loan or as an initial payment
7.
to increase (a price, value, rate of occurrence, etc) or (of a price, etc) to be increased
8.
(intransitive) to improve one's position; be promoted he advanced rapidly in his job
9.
(transitive) (archaic) to promote in rank, status, or position
noun
10.
forward movement; progress in time or space
11.
improvement; progress in development
12.
(commerce)
  1. the supplying of commodities or funds before receipt of an agreed consideration
  2. the commodities or funds supplied in this manner
  3. (as modifier) an advance supply
13.
Also called advance payment. a money payment made before it is legally due this is an advance on your salary
14.
a loan of money
15.
an increase in price, value, rate of occurrence, etc
16.
a less common word for advancement (sense 1)
17.
in advance
  1. beforehand payment in advance
  2. (foll by of) ahead in time or development ideas in advance of the time
18.
(modifier) forward in position or time advance booking, an advance warning
See also advances
Derived Forms
advancer, noun
advancingly, adverb
Word Origin
C15: advauncen, altered (on the model of words beginning with Latin ad-) from C13 avauncen, via Old French from Latin abante from before, from ab- away from + ante before
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for over-advance

advance

v.

mid-13c., avauncen, transitive, "improve (something), further the development of," from Old French avancier "move forward" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *abanteare (source of Italian avanzare, Spanish avanzar), from Late Latin abante "from before," composed of ab- "from" (see ab-) + ante "before, in front of, against" (see ante).

The -d- was inserted 16c. on mistaken notion that initial a- was from Latin ad-. From c.1300 as "to promote;" intransitive sense is mid-14c., "move forward." Meaning "to give money before it is legally due" is first attested 1670s. Related: Advanced; advancing. The adjective (in advance warning, etc.) is recorded from 1843.

n.

c.1300, "boasting, ostentation," from advance (v.). Early 15c. as "advancement in rank, wealth, etc." Advances "amorous overtures" is from 1706.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with over-advance
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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