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compress

[v. kuh m-pres; n. kom-pres] /v. kəmˈprɛs; n. ˈkɒm prɛs/
verb (used with object)
1.
to press together; force into less space.
2.
to cause to become a solid mass:
to compress cotton into bales.
3.
to condense, shorten, or abbreviate:
The book was compressed by 50 pages.
noun
4.
Medicine/Medical. a soft, cloth pad held in place by a bandage and used to provide pressure or to supply moisture, cold, heat, or medication.
5.
an apparatus for compressing cotton bales.
6.
a warehouse for storing cotton bales before shipment.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; (v.) Middle English (< Middle French compresser) < Late Latin compressāre, frequentative of Latin comprimere to squeeze together (see com-, press1); (noun) < Middle French compresse, noun derivative of the v.
Related forms
compressible, adjective
compressibly, adverb
compressingly, adverb
noncompressible, adjective
overcompress, verb (used with object)
precompress, verb (used with object)
uncompressible, adjective
Synonyms
1. condense, squeeze, constrict. See contract.
Antonyms
1. expand, spread.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for overcompress

compress

verb (kəmˈprɛs)
1.
(transitive) to squeeze together or compact into less space; condense
2.
(computing) to apply a compression program to (electronic data) so that it takes up less space
noun (ˈkɒmprɛs)
3.
a wet or dry cloth or gauze pad with or without medication, applied firmly to some part of the body to relieve discomfort, reduce fever, drain a wound, etc
4.
a machine for packing material, esp cotton, under pressure
Derived Forms
compressible, adjective
compressibleness, noun
compressibly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin compressāre, from Latin comprimere, from premere to press
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for overcompress

compress

v.

late 14c., "to press (something) together," from Old French compresser "compress, put under pressure," from Latin compressare "to press together," frequentative of comprimere "to squeeze," from com- "together" (see com-) + premere "to press" (see press (v.1)). Related: Compressed; compressing.

n.

1590s in the surgical sense, from compress (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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overcompress in Medicine

compress com·press (kŏm'prěs')
n.
A soft pad of gauze or other material applied with pressure to a part of the body to control hemorrhage or to supply heat, cold, moisture, or medication to alleviate pain or reduce infection. v. com·pressed, com·press·ing, com·press·es (kəm-prěs')
To press or squeeze together.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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