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cultivate

[kuhl-tuh-veyt] /ˈkʌl təˌveɪt/
verb (used with object), cultivated, cultivating.
1.
to prepare and work on (land) in order to raise crops; till.
2.
to use a cultivator on.
3.
to promote or improve the growth of (a plant, crop, etc.) by labor and attention.
4.
to produce by culture:
to cultivate a strain of bacteria.
5.
to develop or improve by education or training; train; refine:
to cultivate a singing voice.
6.
to promote the growth or development of (an art, science, etc.); foster.
7.
to devote oneself to (an art, science, etc.).
8.
to seek to promote or foster (friendship, love, etc.).
9.
to seek the acquaintance or friendship of (a person).
Origin
1610-1620
1610-20; < Medieval Latin cultīvātus (past participle of cultīvāre to till), equivalent to cultīv(us) (Latin cult(us), past participle of colere to care for, till (cf. cult) + -īvus -ive) + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
overcultivate, verb (used with object), overcultivated, overcultivating.
precultivate, verb (used with object), precultivated, precultivating.
recultivate, verb (used with object), recultivated, recultivating.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for overcultivate

cultivate

/ˈkʌltɪˌveɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to till and prepare (land or soil) for the growth of crops
2.
to plant, tend, harvest, or improve (plants) by labour and skill
3.
to break up (land or soil) with a cultivator or hoe
4.
to improve or foster (the mind, body, etc) as by study, education, or labour
5.
to give special attention to: to cultivate a friendship, to cultivate a hobby
6.
to give or bring culture to (a person, society, etc); civilize
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin cultivāre to till, from Old French cultiver, from Medieval Latin cultīvus cultivable, from Latin cultus cultivated, from colere to till, toil over
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for overcultivate

cultivate

v.

early 17c., from Medieval Latin cultivatus, past participle of cultivare, from Late Latin cultivus "tilled," from Latin cultus (see cult). Figurative sense of "improve by training or education" is from 1680s. Related: Cultivable; cultivated; cultivating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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