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discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-] /dɪˈskɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/
verb (used with object), discouraged, discouraging.
1.
to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
2.
to dissuade (usually followed by from).
3.
to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder:
Low prices discourage industry.
4.
to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon:
to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), discouraged, discouraging.
5.
to become discouraged:
a person who discourages easily.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
Related forms
discourager, noun
discourageable, adjective
discouragingly, adverb
overdiscourage, verb (used with object), overdiscouraged, overdiscouraging.
prediscourage, verb (used with object), prediscouraged, prediscouraging.
undiscourageable, adjective
undiscouraged, adjective
undiscouraging, adjective
undiscouragingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.
Antonyms
1. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for overdiscourage

discourage

/dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to deprive of the will to persist in something
2.
to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust
3.
to oppose by expressing disapproval
Derived Forms
discouragement, noun
discourager, noun
discouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for overdiscourage

discourage

v.

mid-15c., discoragen, from Middle French descourager, from Old French descoragier, from des- "away" (see dis-) + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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