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irrigation

[ir-i-gey-shuh n] /ˌɪr ɪˈgeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops.
2.
Medicine/Medical. the flushing or washing out of anything with water or other liquid.
3.
the state of being irrigated.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Latin irrigātiōn- (stem of irrigātiō). See irrigate, -ion
Related forms
irrigational, adjective
nonirrigation, noun
overirrigation, noun
preirrigation, noun
preirrigational, adjective
proirrigation, adjective
reirrigation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for overirrigation

irrigation

n.

"a supplying of water to land," 1610s, from Latin irrigationem (nominative irrigatio) "a watering," noun of action from past participle stem of irrigare (see irrigate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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overirrigation in Culture

irrigation definition


Artificial provision of water to sustain growing plants.

Note: Irrigation accounts for the greatest part of water usage in the western United States.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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overirrigation in the Bible

As streams were few in Palestine, water was generally stored up in winter in reservoirs, and distributed through gardens in numerous rills, which could easily be turned or diverted by the foot (Deut. 11:10). For purposes of irrigation, water was raised from streams or pools by water-wheels, or by a shaduf, commonly used on the banks of the Nile to the present day.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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