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nourish

[nur-ish, nuhr-] /ˈnɜr ɪʃ, ˈnʌr-/
verb (used with object)
1.
to sustain with food or nutriment; supply with what is necessary for life, health, and growth.
2.
to cherish, foster, keep alive, etc.:
He had long nourished the dream of living abroad.
3.
to strengthen, build up, or promote:
to nourish discontent among the workers; to nourish the arts in one's community.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English norisshe < Old French noriss-, long stem of norir < Latin nūtrīre to feed; see nurse, -ish2
Related forms
nourishable, adjective
nourisher, noun
overnourish, verb (used with object)
renourish, verb (used with object)
self-nourished, adjective
unnourishable, adjective
unnourished, adjective
well-nourished, adjective
Synonyms
1. See nurse. 3. encourage, help, aid, back, advance.
Antonyms
3. discourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for overnourish

nourish

/ˈnʌrɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to provide with the materials necessary for life and growth
2.
to support or encourage (an idea, feeling, etc); foster: to nourish resentment
Derived Forms
nourisher, noun
nourishing, adjective
nourishingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French norir, from Latin nūtrīre to feed, care for
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for overnourish

nourish

v.

late 13c., "to bring up, nurture" (a child, a feeling, etc.), from Old French norriss-, stem of norrir "raise, bring up, nurture, foster; maintain, provide for" (12c., Modern French nourrir), from Latin nutrire "to feed, nurse, foster, support, preserve," from *nutri (older form of nutrix "nurse"), literally "she who gives suck," from PIE *nu- (from root *(s)nau- "to swim, flow, let flow," hence "to suckle;" see nutriment) + fem. agent suffix. Related: Nourished; nourishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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overnourish in Medicine

nourish nour·ish (nûr'ĭsh, nŭr'-)
v. nour·ished, nour·ish·ing, nour·ish·es
To provide with food or other substances necessary for sustaining life and growth.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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