oversaturate

saturate

[v. sach-uh-reyt; adj., n. sach-er-it, -uh-reyt]
verb (used with object), saturated, saturating.
1.
to cause (a substance) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance, through solution, chemical combination, or the like.
2.
to charge to the utmost, as with magnetism.
3.
to soak, impregnate, or imbue thoroughly or completely: to saturate a sponge with water; a town saturated with charm.
4.
to destroy (a target) completely with bombs and missiles.
5.
to send so many planes over (a target area) that the defensive electronic tracking equipment becomes ineffective.
6.
to furnish (a market) with goods to its full purchasing capacity.
verb (used without object), saturated, saturating.
7.
to become saturated.
adjective
noun
9.
a saturated fat or fatty acid.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin saturātus (past participle of saturāre to fill), equivalent to satur- full, well-fed (see sad) + -ātus -ate1

desaturate, verb (used with object), desaturated, desaturating.
oversaturate, verb (used with object), oversaturated, oversaturating.


3. See wet.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
saturate
 
vb
1.  to fill, soak, or imbue totally
2.  to make (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc) saturated or (of a compound, vapour, etc) to become saturated
3.  (tr) military to bomb or shell heavily
 
adj
4.  a less common word for saturated
 
[C16: from Latin saturāre, from satur sated, from satis enough]
 
satu'rater
 
n
 
satu'rator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

saturate
1530s, "to satisfy, satiate," from L. saturatus, pp. of saturare "to fill full, sate, drench," from satur "sated, full," from PIE base *sa- "to satisfy" (see sad). Meaning "soak thoroughly" first recorded 1756. Marketing sense first recorded 1958. Saturation bombing first recorded
1942, in reference to Allied air raid on Cologne.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

saturate sat·u·rate (sāch'ə-rāt')
v. sat·u·rat·ed, sat·u·rat·ing, sat·u·rates
Abbr. sat.

  1. To imbue or impregnate thoroughly.

  2. To soak, fill, or load to capacity.

  3. To cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance.

  4. To satisfy all the chemical affinities of a substance; neutralize.

  5. To dissolve a substance up to that concentration beyond which the addition of more results in a second phase.


sat'u·ra·ble (sāch'ər-ə-bəl) adj.
sat'u·ra'tor n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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