overservility

servile

[sur-vil, -vahyl]
adjective
1.
slavishly submissive or obsequious; fawning: servile flatterers.
2.
characteristic of, proper to, or customary for slaves; abject: servile obedience.
3.
yielding slavishly; truckling (usually followed by to ).
4.
extremely imitative, especially in the arts; lacking in originality.
5.
being in slavery; oppressed.
6.
of, pertaining to, or involving slaves or servants.
7.
of or pertaining to a condition of servitude or property ownership in which a person is held as a slave or as partially enslaved: medieval rebellions against servile laws.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin servīlis, equivalent to serv- (stem of servīre to be a slave) + -īlis -ile

servilely, adverb
servility, servileness, noun
nonservile, adjective
nonservilely, adverb
nonservileness, noun
overservile, adjective
overservilely, adverb
overservileness, noun
overservility, noun
pseudoservile, adjective
pseudoservilely, adverb
unservile, adjective
unservilely, adverb


1, 2. cringing, sycophantic. Servile, menial, obsequious, slavish characterize one who behaves like a slave or an inferior. Servile suggests cringing, fawning, and abject submission: servile responses to questions. Menial applies to that which is considered undesirable drudgery: the most menial tasks. Obsequious implies the ostentatious subordination of oneself to the wishes of another, either from fear or from hope of gain: an obsequious waiter. Slavish stresses the dependence and labori-ous toil of one who follows or obeys without question: slavish attentiveness to orders. 2. mean, base, low.


1. aggressive. 2. exalted.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
servile (ˈsɜːvaɪl)
 
adj (when postpositive, foll by to)
1.  obsequious or fawning in attitude or behaviour; submissive
2.  of or suitable for a slave
3.  existing in or relating to a state of slavery
4.  submitting or obedient
 
[C14: from Latin servīlis, from servus slave]
 
'servilely
 
adv
 
servility
 
n
 
'servileness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

servile
1382, from L. servilis "of a slave, servile," from servus "slave" (see serve). Earliest sense was legal, servile work being forbidden on the Sabbath; sense of "cringing, fawning" first recorded 1605.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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