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the degree of oxidaton of an atom or molecule, represented by a positive or negative number; the number of electrons theoretically gained or lost in converting an atom or molecule to its elemental form; also called oxidation state
The oxidation number is number of electrons necessary to restore an atom in a combined state to its elemental form.
|oxidation state |
the total number of electrons that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond with another atom.