pack-ice is “close” or “tight” if the floes constituting it are in contact; “open” if, for the most part, they do not touch.
"We'll carry on till we are above the end of the pack-ice," said Whittinghame.
To the north, pack-ice in variable amount is encountered before reaching the wide open ocean.
It seems probable that he charted as land the limits of the pack-ice in 1840.
For five days we have been detained here almost without food, by the recent storm and the pack-ice.
Unfolded to the horizon was a plain of pack-ice, thickly studded with bergs and intersected by black leads of open water.
Our course was still to the west along the pack-ice, and it was not till the 20th that we could turn her nose northward again.
The attention of the party was called off the subject of discourse just then by a further movement of the pack-ice.
I held my gun ready, while I crawled on all-fours over the pack-ice, which was anything but level.
But the pack-ice still remained to the westward, and it was possible of course that the vessels had been damaged by the pressure.
|pack ice |
The floating sea-ice cover of the polar regions. Driven by winds and ocean currents, pack ice is a mixture of ice fragments of varying size and age that are squeezed together and cover the sea surface with little or no open water. At maximum expansion during the winter, pack ice covers about five percent of Arctic waters and about eight percent of Antarctic waters.