painting

[peyn-ting]
noun
1.
a picture or design executed in paints.
2.
the act, art, or work of a person who paints.
3.
the works of art painted in a particular manner, place, or period: a book on Flemish painting.
4.
an instance of covering a surface with paint.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English; see paint, -ing1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
painting (ˈpeɪntɪŋ)
 
n
1.  the art or process of applying paints to a surface such as canvas, to make a picture or other artistic composition
2.  a composition or picture made in this way
3.  the act of applying paint to a surface with a brush

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paint
early 13c., from O.Fr. peinter, from peint, pp. of peindre "to paint," from L. pingere "to paint," from PIE base *pik-/*pig- "cut." Sense evolution between PIE and L. was, presumably, from "decorate with cut marks" to "decorate" to "decorate with color." Cf. Skt. pingah "reddish," pesalah "adorned,
decorated, lovely," pimsati "hews out, cuts, carves, adorns;" O.C.S. pegu "variegated;" Gk. poikilos "variegated;" O.H.G. fehjan "to adorn;" O.C.S. pisati, Lith. piesiu "to write." Probably representing the "cutting" branch of the family are O.E. feol (see file (n.)); O.C.S. pila "file, saw," Lith. pela "file." The noun is from c.1600. The verb meaning "to color with paint" (mid-13c.) is earlier than the artistic sense of "to make a picture of" (late 13c.) and older than painting in the sense of "an artist's picture in paint" (late 14c.); but painter is older in the sense of "artist who paints pictures" (mid-14c.) than in the sense of "workman who colors surfaces with paint" (c.1400). To paint the town (red) "go on a spree" first recorded 1884; to paint (someone or something) black "represent it as wicked or evil" is from 1590s. Adj. paint-by-numbers "simple" is attested by 1970.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paint (pānt)
n.
A solution or suspension of one or more medicaments applied to the skin with a brush or large applicator. v. paint·ed, paint·ing, paints
To apply medicine to; swab.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences for paintings
Turner are represented by oil paintings, water colours and drawings.
The lock has been the subject of a number of paintings since it is very
  picturesque.
These paintings are known for their elegance, rich colors, and attention to
  detail.
Finally, dyes are used to add colors to the figures in the paintings.
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