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13 Essential Literary Terms

palanquin

[pal-uh n-keen] /ˌpæl ənˈkin/
noun
1.
(formerly in India and other Eastern countries) a passenger conveyance, usually for one person, consisting of a covered or boxlike litter carried by means of poles resting on the shoulders of several men.
Also, palankeen.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Middle French < Dutch pallankin < Portuguese palanquimPali pallaṅka, Sanskrit palyaṅka; compare Oriya pālaṅki
Related forms
palanquiner, palankeener, noun
palanquiningly, palankeeningly, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for palankeen

palanquin

/ˌpælənˈkiːn/
noun
1.
a covered litter, formerly used in the Orient, carried on the shoulders of four men
Word Origin
C16: from Portuguese palanquim, from Prakrit pallanka, from Sanskrit paryanka couch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for palankeen

palanquin

n.

"a covered litter," 1580s, from Portuguese palanquim (early 16c.), from Malay and Javanese palangki "litter, sedan," ultimately from Sanskrit palyanka-s "couch, bed, litter," from pari "around" + ancati "it bends, curves," related to anka-s "a bend, hook, angle," and meaning, perhaps, "that which bends around the body." Some have noted the "curious coincidence" of Spanish palanca, from Latin phalanga "pole to carry a burden."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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