Dictionary.com's Word of the Year is...
mid-15c., from Middle French palatin (15c.) and directly from Medieval Latin palatinus "of the palace" (of the Caesars), from Latin palatium (see palace). Used in English to indicate quasi-royal authority. Reference to the Rhineland state is from c.1580.
palatine pal·a·tine (pāl'ə-tīn')
Of or relating to the palate.
village, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. Palatine is a suburb of Chicago, lying about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of the city. The community, established in 1855 when a Chicago and North Western Railway siding and depot was built, was named for Palatine, New York, the original hometown of one of the early settlers. Manufactures include outdoor grills, electrical products, adhesives, and safety equipment. William Rainey Harper (community) College was established there in 1965. Attractions include the restored George Clayson House (built 1873), which contains a local history museum. Inc. 1866. Pop. (1990) 39,253; (2000) 65,479.
any of diverse officials found in numerous countries of medieval and early modern Europe. Originally the term was applied to the chamberlains and troops guarding the palace of the Roman emperor. In Constantine's time (early 4th century), the designation was also used for the senior field force of the army that might accompany the emperor on his campaigns