Palisades

[pal-uh-seydz]
noun
the line of cliffs in NE New Jersey and SE New York extending along the W bank of the lower Hudson River. About 15 miles (24 km) long; 300–500 feet (91–152 meters) high.
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palisade

[pal-uh-seyd]
noun
1.
a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense.
2.
any of a number of pales or stakes pointed at the top and set firmly in the ground in a close row with others to form a defense.
4.
palisades, a line of cliffs.
verb (used with object), palisaded, palisading.
5.
to furnish or fortify with a palisade.

Origin:
1590–1600; < French palissade < Old Provençal palissada, equivalent to paliss(a) paling (derivative of pal stake, pale2) + -ada -ade1

unpalisaded, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
palisade (ˌpælɪˈseɪd)
 
n
1.  a strong fence made of stakes driven into the ground, esp for defence
2.  one of the stakes used in such a fence
3.  botany a layer of elongated mesophyll cells containing many chloroplasts, situated below the outer epidermis of a leaf blade
 
vb
4.  (tr) to enclose with a palisade
 
[C17: via French, from Old Provençal palissada, ultimately from Latin pālus stake; see pale², pole1]

palisades (ˌpælɪˈseɪdz, ˈpælɪˌseɪdz)
 
pl n
(US), (Canadian) high cliffs in a line, often along a river, resembling a palisade

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

palisade
"a fence of stakes," 1600, from Fr. palissade, from Prov. palissada, from palissa "a stake or paling," from Gallo-Romance *palicea, from L. palus "stake" (see pale (n.)). Military sense is attested from 1697. The Palisades, along the Hudson River opposite New York City, so called by 1838.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
palisades   (pāl'ĭ-sādz')  Pronunciation Key 
A line of steep, high cliffs, especially of basalt, usually along a river.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for palisades
Many earthworks survive today, along with evidence of palisades to accompany the ditches.
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