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pandour

[pan-doo r] /ˈpæn dʊər/
noun
1.
History/Historical. a member of a local militia in Croatia, formed as a regiment in the Austrian army in the 18th century and noted for its ruthlessness and cruelty.
2.
a brutal, marauding soldier.
Origin
1740-1750
1740-50; < French pandour(e) ≪ Serbo-Croatian pàndūr community or city policeman, pandour, probably < Hungarian pandúr < Slavic *pǫdarĭ (> Serbo-Croatian pùdār one who guards a vineyard), derivative of *pǫditi to drive off, frighten; the Serbo-Croatian variant bàndūr (17th century) may result from crossing with Medieval Latin banderia or Italian bandiera troop, literally, banner
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pan-dour

pandour

/ˈpændʊə/
noun
1.
one of an 18th-century force of Croatian soldiers in the Austrian service, notorious for their brutality
Word Origin
C18: via French from Hungarian pandur, from Croat: guard, probably from Medieval Latin banderius summoner, from bannumban1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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