pancreas

[pan-kree-uhs, pang-]
noun Anatomy, Zoology.
a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin.


Origin:
1570–80; < Neo-Latin < Greek pánkreas sweetbread, equivalent to pan- pan- + kréas flesh, meat

pancreatic [pan-kree-at-ik, pang-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
pancreas (ˈpæŋkrɪəs)
 
n
a large elongated glandular organ, situated behind the stomach, that secretes insulin and pancreatic juice
 
[C16: via New Latin from Greek pankreas, from pan- + kreas flesh]
 
pancreatic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pancreas
1578, from Gk. pankreas "sweetbread (pancreas as food), pancreas," from pan- "all" + kreas "flesh," probably on notion of homogeneous substance of the organ.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

pancreas pan·cre·as (pāng'krē-əs, pān'-)
n. pl. pan·cre·a·ta (pān-krē'ə-tə)
A lobulated gland without a capsule, that extends from the concavity of the duodenum to the spleen, consists of a flattened head within the duodenal concavity, an elongated three-sided body extending across the abdomen, and a tail touching the spleen, and secretes insulin and glucagon internally and pancreatic juice externally into the intestine.


pan'cre·at'ic (pāng'krē-āt'ĭk, pān'-) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
pancreas   (pāng'krē-əs)  Pronunciation Key 


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A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrate animals that is located behind the stomach and is part of the digestive system. It secretes hormones (insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin) into the bloodstream and digestive enzymes into the small intestine or gut. The pancreas also secretes sodium bicarbonate, which protects the lining of the intestine by neutralizing acids from the stomach.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
pancreas [(pang-kree-uhs, pan-kree-uhs)]

A gland behind the stomach that functions in both the endocrine system and the digestive system. Its endocrine function involves the secretion into the bloodstream of insulin, which regulates the level of sugars in the blood. As part of the digestive system, the pancreas secretes into the small intestine a fluid containing enzymes that is used in the digestion of all foods.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
There have been repeated stories of strokes and pancreatic cancer.
Adult cells might also be reprogrammed directly, which has been done with some
  types of pancreatic and heart cells.
He is dying of pancreatic cancer, and he knows it is a painful way to go.
So they have to take pills to replace the pancreatic enzymes.
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