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papyrus

[puh-pahy-ruh s] /pəˈpaɪ rəs/
noun, plural papyri
[puh-pahy-rahy, -ree] /pəˈpaɪ raɪ, -ri/ (Show IPA),
papyruses.
1.
a tall, aquatic plant, Cyperus papyrus, of the sedge family, native to the Nile valley: the Egyptian subspecies, C. papyrus hadidii, thought to be common in ancient times, now occurs only in several sites.
2.
a material on which to write, prepared from thin strips of the pith of this plant laid together, soaked, pressed, and dried, used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.
3.
an ancient document, manuscript, or scroll written on this material.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English papirus < Latin papȳrus < Greek pápȳros
Related forms
papyral, papyrian
[puh-pir-ee-uh n] /pəˈpɪr i ən/ (Show IPA),
papyrine
[puh-pahy-rin] /pəˈpaɪ rɪn/ (Show IPA),
adjective
papyritious
[pap-uh-rish-uh s] /ˌpæp əˈrɪʃ əs/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for papyrine

papyrus

/pəˈpaɪrəs/
noun (pl) -ri (-raɪ), -ruses
1.
a tall aquatic cyperaceous plant, Cyperus papyrus, of S Europe and N and central Africa with small green-stalked flowers arranged like umbrella spokes around the stem top
2.
a kind of paper made from the stem pith of this plant, used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans
3.
an ancient document written on this paper
Word Origin
C14: via Latin from Greek papūros reed used in making paper
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for papyrine

papyrus

n.

late 14c., from Latin papyrus "the paper plant, paper made from it," from Greek papyros "any plant of the paper plant genus," said to be of Egyptian origin. Proper plural is papyri.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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