Par-boil

parboil

[pahr-boil]
verb (used with object)
to boil partially or for a short time; precook.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English parboylen to boil partly, (rarely) to boil fully < Middle French parboillir < Late Latin perbullīre to boil through and through (see per-, boil); change of meaning by confusion of par- with part

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parboil (ˈpɑːˌbɔɪl)
 
vb
1.  to boil until partially cooked, often before further cooking
2.  to subject to uncomfortable heat
 
[C15: from Old French parboillir, from Late Latin perbullīre to boil thoroughly (see per-, boil1); modern meaning due to confusion of par- with part]

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Word Origin & History

parboil
1381, from O.Fr. parboillir, from M.L. perbullire "to boil thoroughly," from L. per "through, thoroughly" + bullire "to boil" (see boil (v.)). Main modern meaning "boil partially" (c.1440) is by mistaken association of the prefix with part.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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